At Dunham School we know how important it is to prevent bullying and to tackle all cases of bullying effectively. We want to be available to listen to parents when they have concerns so that we can work together to put an end to any bullying happening in school. We recognise that bullying does happen, and we are committed to finding ways to prevent bullying from happening in our school as much as possible, by giving children the skills to become resilient and to speak out.
Our school policy is below, but we are always in the process of consulting on a the policy, and if you are interested in adding your thoughts please contact the school.
Included in the policy are useful links to advice for parents.
Dunham-on-Trent CofE Primary School
Anti-Bullying Policy 2018
Through Christian values we are a community who: LEARN TOGETHER; ACHIEVE TOGETHER
We aim to provide a safe, caring and friendly environment for learning for all our pupils to allow them to improve their life chances and help them maximise their potential.
We expect pupils to act safely and feel safe in school. We aim to educate them so that they understand the issues relating to all forms of bullying and that they feel confident to seek support from school should they feel they or others are unsafe.
We would also want parents to feel confident that their children are safe and cared for in school and incidents, when they do arise, are dealt with promptly and effectively.
The school is aware of its legal obligations, including the Equalities Act 2010, and understand our role within the local community, supporting parents and working with other agencies outside the school where appropriate.
This policy was formulated in consultation with the whole school community with input from
This policy is available
Roles and responsibilities
The Head teacher – Has overall responsibility for the policy and its implementation and liaising with the governing body, parents/carers, LA and outside agencies and appointing an Anti-bullying coordinator who will have general responsibility for handling the implementation of this policy.
The Anti –bullying Champion in our school is: - Julia Wallace
Their responsibilities are: -
The nominated Governor with the responsibility for Anti- bullying and Behaviour is Paul Allen
Definition of Bullying
The repetitive, intentional hurting of one person or group by another person or group, where the relationship involves an imbalance of power. Bullying can be physical, verbal or psychological. It can happen face-to-face or through cyberspace.
Behaviour often associated with bullying
Baiting can be used in bullying both on and offline. It can be used to bully someone to get 'a rise' out of them and it can be used to antagonize those who might be bullying others to get them to bully. Sometimes baiting is used secretively to try and get a person to explode in a rage or react negatively/loudly so that they get in to trouble.
The dictionary describes banter as: ‘the playful and friendly exchange of teasing remarks’.
Bullying is often justified as being just banter. It may start as banter, but some types of banter are bullying and need to be addressed as bullying.
Types of Banter
Occasionally an incident may be deemed to be bullying even if the behaviour has not been repeated or persistent – if it fulfils all other descriptions of bullying. This possibility should be considered, particularly in cases of hate crime related bullying and cyberbullying. If the victim might be in danger then intervention is urgently required.
What does bullying look like?
Bullying behaviour can be:
Although bullying can occur between individuals it can often take place in the presence (virtually or physically) of others who become the ‘bystanders’ or ‘accessories’.
Why are children and young people bullied?
Specific types of bullying include:
Prejudice Related Bullying
Under the Equalities Act 2010 it is against the law to discriminate against anyone because of:
These are called ‘protected characteristics’.
As part of the requirement on schools to promote fundamental British values, schools must proactively challenge derogatory and discriminatory language and behaviour including that which is racist, homophobic, biphobic, transphobic and disabilist in nature. We will record these types of bullying, even that which represents a one-off incident, and report them to the local authority for monitoring purposes.
Other vulnerable groups include
• bullying related to appearance or health
• bullying of young carers or looked after children or otherwise related to home circumstances
Although the above do not currently receive protection under the Equality Act 2010, bullying for these reasons is just as serious. There is no hierarchy of bullying – all forms should be taken equally seriously and dealt with appropriately.
Prejudice Related Language
Racist, homophobic, biphobic, transphobic and disabilist language includes terms of abuse used towards people because of their race/ethnicity/nationality; because they are lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transsexual, or are perceived to be, or have a parent/carer or sibling who is; because they have a learning or physical disability. Such language is generally used to refer to something or someone as inferior. This may also be used to taunt young people who are different in some way or their friends, family members or their parents/carers.
In the case of homophobic, biphobic and transphobic language particularly, dismissing it as banter is not helpful as even if these terms are not referring to a person’s sexual orientation or gender identity they are using the terms to mean inferior, bad, broken or wrong. We will challenge the use of prejudice related language in our school even if it appears to be being used without any intent. Persistent use of prejudice related language and/or bullying will be dealt with as with any other form of bullying.
Where does bullying take place?
Bullying is not confined to the school premises. It also persists outside school, on the journey to and from school and in the local community and may continue into Further Education.
The school acknowledges its responsibilities to support families if bullying occurs off the premises.
The increasing use of digital technology and the internet has also provided new and particularly intrusive ways for bullies to reach their victims.
Cyberbullying can take many forms and bullying online can often start in school and then be progressed online or start online and influence behaviour in school.
Whilst most incidents of Cyberbullying occur outside school we will offer support and guidance to parents/carers and their children who experience online bullying and will treat Cyberbullying with the same severity as any other forms of bullying.
Cyberbullying can include:-
We will ensure that our children are taught safe ways to use the internet (see our online safety policy) and encourage good online behaviour.
Bullying can take place between:
Reporting and responding to bullying
Our school has clear and well publicised systems to report bullying for the whole school community (including staff, parents/carers, children and young people) this includes those who are the victims of bullying or have witnessed bullying behaviour (bystanders).
Bullying can be reported in these ways
All staff and visitors can talk to the Headteacher or relevant class teacher
All are encouraged to report through awareness and education of what bullying is and what we can do about it.
All reported incidents will be taken seriously and promptly investigated. This will involve all parties and focus on working together to resolve issues raised. The staff is aware of and follow the same procedures.
Responses to bullying will include:
School will interview all parties separately, including any bystanders or assisters.
School will inform all parents/ carers
School will implement the appropriate disciplinary sanctions in accordance with the school’s Behaviour Policy. These will be graded according to the seriousness of the incident but the response will be designed to promote the school’s policy that bullying is unacceptable.
Responses may also vary according to the type of bullying and may involve other agencies where appropriate.
School will follow up, in particular keeping in touch with the person who reported the situation, and parents/carers.
If a parent is not happy with a resolution, this can be addressed via the school’s complaints procedure.
School has a range of follow up responses and support appropriate to the situation for all involved such as restorative justice approaches, and special buddies.
School will liaise with the wider community, including outside agencies, if the bullying is taking place off the school premises, i.e. in the case of cyberbullying or hate crime.
Possible strategies to support all parties
Child involved in all communication and decisions made.
An adult mentor chosen by the child to be on hand when the child needs time to share/talk through a problem/potential problem
The use of restorative justice approaches
The use of ‘support groups’. Refer to Appendix.
The use of a formal ‘Circle of Friends’ – refer to ‘Creating Circles of Friends’ by C.Newton
Practical strategies around routines, use of space etc. to support feelings of safety
1:1 or small group work to support understanding of feelings/empathy and managing emotions/anger
Recognition of learning and changes seen/felt by all parties
Recording bullying and evaluating the policy
Bullying incidents will be recorded by the member of staff who deals with the incident and this will be stored by the Anti-bullying coordinator.
Prejudice related bullying will be reported to the local authority by the school using the guidelines set out in Nottinghamshire guidelines for schools: Bullying and Prejudiced –related incidents (August2014) These should be sent in electronic format, ideally encrypted, with a password sent in a separate email, to email@example.com
It is no longer necessary however, to submit a termly nil return to the team or complete a specific form. Schools are advised that a simple email to firstname.lastname@example.org stating at the end of the academic year that no incidents have been reported to the school, will now suffice.
Information stored in school will be used in accordance with the data protection policy and to ensure individuals incidents are followed up. It will also be used assist in identifying trends and inform preventative work in school and development of the policy. This information will be discussed by staff in regular staff meetings half-termly.
This information will be presented to the governors as part of the annual report.
The policy will be reviewed and updated every two years
Strategies for preventing bullying
As part of our ongoing commitment to the safety and welfare of our pupils we at Dunham-on-Trent CofE Primary school have developed the following strategies to promote positive behaviour and discourage bullying behaviour
Support for parents/carers
Support for all school staff
Links with other policies and why
Rewards and sanctions, Codes of conduct
E-safety and Acceptable use policy
Cyber bullying and e-safety
Prejudice related crime(homophobia, race, religion and culture and SEN/disability
Reporting and recording
Strategies to prevent bullying
Guidelines to make a complaint if families are not happy with the school’s response
Some useful organisations for schools
The following organisations provide support for schools and parents/carers dealing with specific bullying issues including the social, mental or emotional effects caused by bullying.
The Anti-Bullying Alliance (ABA): Founded in 2002 by NSPCC and National Children's Bureau, the Anti-Bullying Alliance ABA) brings together over 100 organisations into one network to develop and share good practice across the whole range of bullying issues.
The Diana Award: Anti-Bullying Ambassadors programme to empower young people to take responsibility for changing the attitudes and behaviour of their peers towards bullying. It will achieve this by identifying, training and supporting school anti-bullying ambassadors.
Kidscape: Charity established to prevent bullying and promote child protection providing advice for young people, professionals and parents about different types of bullying and how to tackle it. They also offer specialist training and support for school staff, and assertiveness training for young people.
The BIG Award: The Bullying Intervention Group (BIG) offer a national scheme and award for schools to tackle bullying effectively.
Restorative Justice Council: Includes best practice guidance for practitioners
Cyber-bullying and online safety
ChildNet International: Specialist resources for young people to raise awareness of online safety and how to protect themselves. Website specifically includes new cyberbullying guidance and a practical PSHE toolkit for schools.
Digizen: provides online safety information for educators, parents, carers and young people.
Intenet Matters: provides help to keep children safe in the digital world.
Think U Know: resources provided by Child Exploitation and Online Protection (CEOP) for children and young people, parents, carers and teachers.
The UK Council for Child Internet Safety (UKCCIS) has produced a range of resources for schools, colleges and parents about how to keep children safe online, this includes advice for schools and colleges on responding to incidents of ‘sexting.’
Barnardo’s: through its LGBTQ Hub, offers guidance to young people, parents and
teachers on how to support LGBT students and tackle LGBT prejudice-based bullying
EACH: (Educational Action Challenging Homophobia): provides a national free phone action line for targets of homophobic or transphobic bullying and training to schools on sexual orientation, gender identity matters and cyber homophobia.
Metro Charity: an equality and diversity charity, providing health, community and youth services across London, the South East, national and international projects. Metro works with anyone experiencing issues related to gender, sexuality, diversity or identity
Proud Trust: helps young people empower themselves to make a positive change for themselves and their communities through youth groups, peer support, delivering of training events, campaigns, undertaking research and creating resources
Schools Out: Offers practical advice, resources (including lesson plans) and training to schools on LGBT equality in education.
Stonewall: An LGBT equality organisation with considerable expertise in LGB bullying in schools, a dedicated youth site, resources for schools, and specialist training for teachers.
Mencap: Represents people with learning disabilities, with specific advice and information for people who work with children and young people.
Changing Faces: Provide online resources and training to schools on bullying because of physical difference.
Cyberbullying and children and young people with SEN and disabilities:
Advice provided by the Anti-Bullying Alliance on developing effective anti-bullying practice.
Anti-bullying Alliance SEND programme of resources: Advice provided by the Anti-bullying Alliance for school staff and parents on issues related to SEND and bullying.
Information, Advice and Support Service Network: Every Local area has an information, advice and support service, providing information, advice and support to disabled children and young people, and those with SEN, and their parents.
MindEd: Provides a free online training tool for adults that is also available to schools. It can be used to help school staff learn more about children and young people’s mental health problems. It provides simple, clear guidance on mental health and includes information on identifying, understanding and supporting children who are bullied.
PSHE Association – guidance and lesson plans on improving the teaching of mental health issues
Race, religion and nationality
Anne Frank Trust: Runs a schools’ project to teach young people about Anne Frank and the Holocaust, the consequences of unchecked prejudice and discrimination, and cultural diversity.
Educate Against Hate: provides teachers, parents and school leaders practical advice and information on protecting children from extremism and radicalisation.
Show Racism the Red Card: Provide resources and workshops for schools to educate young people, often using the high profile of football, about racism and homophobia
Kick It Out: Uses the appeal of football to educate young people about racism and provide education packs for schools.
Tell MAMA: Measuring Anti-Muslim Attacks (MAMA) allows people from across England to report any form of Anti-Muslim abuse, MAMA can also refer victims for support through partner agencies.
Anti-Muslim Hatred Working Group: Independent members of this group are representatives from the Muslim community and will assist and advise on all relevant issues.
Please note that internal servers may block access to some of these sites. Schools wishing to access these materials may need to adjust their settings
Sexual harassment and sexual bullying
Ending Violence Against Women and Girls (EVAW): A Guide for Schools. This guide from the End Violence Against Women Coalition sets out the different forms of abuse to support education staff to understand violence and abuse of girls, warning signs to look for, and how to get your whole school working towards preventing abuse.
Disrespect No Body: a Home Office led campaign which helps young people understand what a healthy relationship is. This website includes teaching materials to be used in the classroom.
Anti-bullying Alliance: advice for school staff and professionals about developing effective anti-bullying practice in relation to sexual bullying.